Copper in tap water linked to Alzheimer’s disease

Copper in tap water linked to Alzheimer’s disease. 

Metals such as copper, iron and zinc are essential to good health but research suggests that after the age of 50, copper consumption is linked to the development of Alzheimer’s disease.

Dr George Brewer, lead researcher at the American Chemical Society(1) explains that metals are essential to the body’s functions; they assist the transportation of oxygen through the body and specifically, ‘copper plays an important role in the communication between nerve cells, bone growth and hormone secretion, so it is important to get enough of the metal in your diet’(2).

This is easy to achieve, as copper is naturally present in many foods including fruits and vegetables, nuts, red meat and shellfish.

Copper is also included in many vitamin and mineral supplements and is present in tap water in homes with copper pipes.  Copper in foods seems to be non-problematic, but researchers warn that “inorganic copper in drinking water and in supplements is handled differently than food copper, and is therefore more toxic”.(1)

Scientists have found that even very small traces of copper in drinking water — one-tenth that of US legally permitted levels — “greatly enhanced an Alzheimer’s-like disease in an animal model”. (1)

According to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers found that ‘copper prevents the clearance of beta-amyloid’(3). When this protein accumulates in the brain, it forms plaques associated with Alzheimer’s disease.

Dr Brewer warns that the Alzheimer’s risks associated with copper are particularly of concern to people aged 50 and over, when the body can no longer efficiently process the metal.

A common-sense approach would be to continue to consume naturally-occuring, food-based copper through a balanced diet, but avoid mineral supplements containing copper and ensure that your drinking water does not contain copper. You can do this simply and cost-effectively by installing a Pure H2O Co. reverse osmosis water purifier.

Our water purifiers remove copper as well as other metals, trace elements, bacteria, hormones and pesticides and guarantee safe, healthy drinking water that will not compromise your health. Pure water also tastes delicious and is environmentally sustainable.

Call The Pure H2O Company on 01483 617 000 to find out more about the health benefits of reverse osmosis water purifiers and how easy they are to have installed in your home. Alternatively visit www.PureH2O.co.uk for further information.

References

1.Brewer, G ‘Risks of Copper and Iron Toxicity during Ageing in Humans’ Chemical Research in Toxicology 2010, 23 (2), pp 319–326 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx900338d . Accessed 10.01.18

2. Fisher Centre for Alzheimer’s Research Foundation ‘Copper May Play a Role in Alzheimer’s Disease’ https://www.alzinfo.org/articles/copper-play-role-alzheimers-disease  accessed 10.01.18

3. Singh, I et al ‘Low levels of copper disrupt brain amyloid-β homeostasis by altering its production and clearance’ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences July 2013, vol. 110 no. 36 pp. 14771–14776 http://www.pnas.org/content/110/36/14771.full.pdf accessed 10.01.18

Mythbusting: Michele Kaye on Minerals

Michele-Kaye422-150x150In the latest in our Mythbusting: Minerals blog series, we welcome guest blogger and leading nutritionist, Michele Kaye.

Here Michele shares her insights on the vital difference between minerals in water and minerals in food and she explains how minerals are used by the body.

What are minerals and do I really want them in my water?

Minerals are inorganic substances formed from rock or soil, and range from beneficial minerals such as calcium and magnesium to poisonous ones such as lead, arsenic and aluminium. All these minerals are found in water to varying degrees depending where you are in the world and whether it is tap water, spring water or filtered water.

Everyone agrees that we need to remove the harmful minerals from drinking water, however there is considerable debate as to the value of having inorganic minerals in our water. Also it is not possible to remove only the harmful components of water (including pesticides, etc) and leave the desirable minerals.

Can we make use of the minerals in water?
The minerals that are found in water are in an inorganic form, and are a result of the water dissolving the minerals from the rocks and soil that it comes in contact with. Many would agree that inorganic minerals are poorly assimilated by our bodies. A misconception is that we get our minerals from water. In fact the main source is from our diet, particularly plants in our diet.

Minerals must be in a form that the body can absorb and assimilate.
A growing plant converts the inorganic minerals from the soil, by absorbing them in the roots and assimilating them into the plant’s structure, where they combine with carbon to become organic minerals. Animals (humans included) on the other hand, use organic minerals, which comes from plant sources, or from animals that have consumed plants.

Even the so called “good minerals” can cause problems, as our bodies cannot use them in this inorganic form. The body becomes stressed attempting to get rid of the them, particularly inorganic calcium which can build up in tissues causing gallstones, kidney stones, bone and joint calcification, arthritis, and even hardening of the arteries.

If you pick any mineral that you are interested in and research the best source for that mineral, a natural food source will be at the top of the list: mainly vegetables and fruit, also in meat or dairy. On the list will also be supplements but NOT tap water or bottled water. We get most of, if not all of our minerals from the food we eat.

What do minerals do in our body?

For starters various minerals are needed for the metabolism of every cell in the body, nerve and muscle function, to control bone health and growth, regulate fluid balance, connective tissue repair and growth.

The main mineral of the body is calcium, needed for healthy bones, teeth, blood clotting, nerve transmission, regulation of heart beat, and digestion. 99% is stored in bones and teeth, the rest in blood and other tissues. Adequate calcium for bone development and for non-bone functions is key to reducing osteoporosis in later life.

The dietary amount of calcium that is optimum has not yet been decided, nor it’s source, with the pro-milk faction believing in 3 glasses/day, whereas the non-dairy argument says that consuming a lot of milk and other dairy products has little effect on rate of fractures while increasing health problems such as heart disease and certain cancers. However fascinating this aspect is, it’s beyond the scope of this article.

Sources of calcium: dark leafy greens, nuts and seeds particularly almonds, brazil nuts, sesame seeds (tahini), broccoli, kale spinach watercress, dried apricots and figs, also tofu, soya cheeses and milks (also animal products such as dairy, eggs and meat but some research shows that high levels of animal protein alters blood chemistry causing calcium to leach out of your bones).

The mineral iron is vital for blood cell production and the immune system. Iron is found in meat as well as beans, lentils, cabbage, broccoli, whole grains, bananas and dried fruit.

Magnesium is a very important mineral involved with muscle contraction (skeletal and heart), and regulating sodium and potassium, in relation to controlling blood pressure. Although magnesium is found in meat as well as nuts, dried fruits, grains, sweet corn, parsnips, peas and green leafy vegetables the digestive system does not easily absorb it. Alternative ways to absorb magnesium are through the skin by applying magnesium oil or soaking in magnesium salt baths.

Zinc is needed for a healthy immune system, for cell division and growth, wound healing and also for a sense of taste. It is found in beans, red meat, seafood, brown rice and wholegrains.

Returning to the initial question, do you really need minerals in your water, many would agree they are not at all useful to the body at best and harmful at worst.

The World Health Organization (WHO) made a clarification (2009) that the majority of healthy minerals needed for the human body is from food or dietary supplement and not from drinking tap water.

It is far better to remove the minerals along with pollutants such as chlorine, nitrates, pesticides, prescription drugs to name but a few, and drink very pure RO water (personally I chose and am delighted with a RODI system from the Pure H2O Company) and obtain your minerals from a healthy diet.


About the author:

Michele Kaye (M.Sc. Nutrition, Black Belt Nia Teacher) was originally a Biology teacher. For the last ten years Michele has been leading Nutrition Workshops and several weekly Nia classes (Dance/Fitness). Michele coaches and guides mainly women in practical and inspiring ways to slow the aging process and feel good. www.michelekaye.com

 

Mineral Supplement Linked to Dementia

The Telegraph newspaper recently reported on a study which found an increased risk of dementia in women taking calcium supplements, who have previously had a stroke.

“Patients who had survived a stroke were  seven times more likely to go on to develop dementia if they took the daily supplement, say scientists at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.”

Reassuringly, organic calcium found in food is perfectly safe. As Eve Kalinik advised in her recent blog for us: Mythbusting: Osteoporosis, there are plenty of food sources of calcium, as well as lifestyle changes, that can be taken by women seeking to reduce their risk of osteoporosis.

We know from our Mythbusting blog series that inorganic minerals found in tap water and supplements do not support health, cannot be absorbed by the body, and are therefore unnecessary – and according to the study the Telegraph reported on – downright dangerous, in some cases.

Neither mineral supplements, nor tap water, nor ‘remineralised’ water is useful to our bodies. All the minerals we need as humans can only be derived from food; plants convert inorganic minerals to organic, which the human body is capabable of asbsorbing and putting to use to protect our health.

Check out the rest of our Mythbusting blog series to learn more about minerals and health (we also tackle that other common myth, alkalinity). And read the Telegraph article here.

 

Mythbusting: Osteoporosis

Eve_400x400In the latest in our Mythbusting series, and the latest post from guest blogger Eve Kalinik, we take a look at Osteoporosis and learn that it’s not all about calcium.

Nutritional therapist and wellbeing writer Eve, explains: “We are all familiar with the condition osteoporosis but do we actually know what it means? Or, that in many instances, it can be largely preventable through good nutrition and better lifestyle choices? And guess what – its not just about calcium!

Typically the disease itself can be characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue that leads to enhanced bone fragility and consequently an increased risk of fracture. Often without any obvious symptoms, these fractures can be debilitating and costly to fix, too. But identifying the condition earlier can reduce these risks by almost half and this is where prevention is key.

As with many chronic conditions in our modern society there is a huge amount attributed to lifestyle choices that can increase your risk of developing this disease. Lack of exercise, sitting for hours on end at desks and poor sleep can all impact on our bone health as much as the nutrients we need to take in to support this.

But let’s talk nutrition first…

Most of us tend to think only about calcium when we think of bone health and whilst that’s undoubtedly the most vital nutrient there are other vitamins and minerals that play essential functions in the formation and maintenance of a strong skeleton. Firstly its not just about eating more calcium although certainly the only way we can get this is through our diet but its really about getting it from an easily absorbed source. Often associated with dairy products such as yogurt, milk and cheese these can provide an easily available excellent source when they are full fat and organic as they contain other bone supportive fat-soluble nutrients.

However, if you are someone who prefers to reduce or eliminate these foods due to allergies, intolerances or political beliefs you need to make sure you are getting enough from other plant based sources. The top of the list when it comes to these foods are the leafy greens such as kale, watercress, broccoli, pak choi, sesame seeds (tahini), almonds and white beans.

However bone health and nutrition is much further reaching than this. We also need vitamins & minerals such as magnesium that provides strength for bones. Magnesium is a critical cofactor responsible for the conversion of vitamin D and mediates hormones that support calcium regulation. Good sources include all the leafy greens – think spinach, kale, chard; nuts & seeds particularly sunflower, sesame and pumpkin seeds; bananas, avocados and cacao powder (the purest form of chocolate).

And there is also vitamin K that contributes to bone mineralization that can also assist in channeling calcium directly to the bones themselves. Add in plenty of the aforementioned leafy greens as well as the brassicas such as broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage as well as herbs including parsley, dried sage & thyme.

Then there is the sunshine vitamin, vitamin D! Living in the UK with our less than hot and sunny climate can leave many of us pretty deficient. This vitamin is a vital part of calcium absorption in the intestine and involved directly in bone turnover. Moreover, vitamin D levels naturally decrease greatly with age, which is also when you most need to support bone health, so boosting these levels could be a good idea (always check with your GP before adding in any kind of supplement).

Beyond our plates, certain factors can increase your risk of developing the condition, such as being postmenopausal with associated accelerated bone loss from lack of oestrogen, family history, increased age and low body weight.

But by far one of the most significant factors – and the one we can help deter the most – is those that come from our lifestyle. Things like cigarette smoking, high caffeine intake (that impairs calcium absorption), heavy alcohol consumption and lack of exercise all have a marked impact. Physical weight-bearing exercise and the load of muscles onto the bones gives them the strength they need. That’s not to say you need to go bodybuilding but some weight resistance is essential. Research shows that maintaining physical fitness is as, if not more, important than diet or hormonally related factors. Depending on your fitness level other activities such as dancing, yoga and power walking can also complement resistance training as these also help with coordination of movement.

And to end…this is where a little bit more weight can actually serve you well so intolerances aside try to have an all inclusive whole and real foods approach to your diet. Book a sunshine filled holiday. Oh and move a bit more too!”

Thank you Eve, for your insightful, common-sense approach to reducing the risk of osteoporosis through good nutrition and positive lifestyle choices.

Myth Busting: Minerals

Minerals and RO / RODI Pure Water

The question about minerals in water is a good one and much misunderstood, so it’s a topic we return to from time to time. As we recently received an enquiry via Facebook we thought we’d have look at the question people often ask: ‘Do I need to add minerals back into my water after purifing it with my RO or RODI system?”. The short answer is: no. To learn why, read on…

Water has never been a source of minerals to our bodies and it never will be. We’ve been led to believe we can benefit from minerals in water through suggestive marketing of bottled water companies. It is infact a complete fallacy. First water contains very few minerals and if they were beneficial we’d drown before we drank enough to be of any help to the body. Second, the minerals in water are inorganic (dissolved rock) and not a food that can be assimilated in the intestine.

As humans we absorb organic minerals from the vegetables we eat and this is how we’ve evolved. Plants on the other hand draw up water that may have inorganic minerals and with the help of microbes on the roots and photosynthesis, converts them into an organic mineral. This is where we derive our minerals from and in quantities that can never be found in water.

Water has 5 important functions in the body; a transportant, a lubricant, a coolant, for excretion and the 5th function – that of an electronegative enhancer. If water carries a load (salts, inorganic minerals, toxins etc) then it cannot be used to effectively carry out these functions and the body goes into overdrive. We see the degenerative effects of polluted water manifested in many illness such as kidney disease, arthritis, hardened heart muscle, blocked arteries, stroke (where calcium falls away from cholesterol and passes through the arteries to the brain). Dr Venter, the worlds leading DNA scientist actually stated that calcium is 3 times more likely to cause a stroke than cholesterol.

Water, especially processed (tap) can of course carry micro-organisms, pathogens and viruses. The only way to remove these is through the process of RODI (reverse osmosis coupled to deionization). Today we have the added problem of Metaldehyde (slug poison) that exceeds the legal limits in our tap water and cannot be removed by water utilities processing plants. Your RODI system does of course remove 100% of the problem along with all other pesticides, herbicides and disease causing micro-organisms.

Processed water has been definitively linked to cancers, proven in a US study on Texas where the vast majority of drinking water is processed and cancer rates twice that of other states.

If we derived minerals from our drinking water then it would follow that areas of the UK where drinking water contains very low levels of dissolved minerals (this would be from Birmingham up to the Highlands) would have health problems. Quite the opposite is infact the case. We have the longest life expectancy in the UK in areas of Cheshire and Scotland, not in the South where hard water (dissolved inorganic calcium) is at its highest. What we do see in the South of England is high levels of kidney disease – up to 100,000 sufferers every year, all of whom could have avoided the problem by drinking a clean source of pure water (not my words but those of the Director of the National Kideney Association).

Water in it’s purest form has some quite remarkable health properties. We all know the sense of a good well balanced diet that includes plenty of fruit and vegetables, pulses, lean meats, fish and cereals. Today the NHS have, for the first time stated that our diet has a direct influence on our health and we are far less likely to contract cancers or other diseases if we follow a healthy lifestyle. We know from the thousands of clients we have that they only benefit from drinking pure water – no one ever suffers adverse effects.

We have confirmation from a client in Oxford (hard water area) that drinking PureH2O has cured his Crohn’s Disease. We have confirmation from a client in Barnes, London that drinking PureH2O was essential part of a lifestyle change (to organic vegetables, healthy food and Pure H2O) that cured his (terminal) cancer. We have a lady in Sussex (hard water area) who claims that her son’s autism saw a marked improvement when tap water was substituted with Pure H2O. Studies carried out in Surrey University found that PureH2O lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. The list goes on an on and it’s not just in the UK; clients around the globe tell us how Pure H2O improved their health.

Claims that purified RO water needs to be remineralised for health have absolutely no medical foundation whatsoever. These claims come from companies trying to sell alkalisers or different water treatment systems that, despite the claims, can have serious and adverse health effects not positive benefits. We’ve even seen this first hand where a client in London purchased an alkaliser only to end up with chronic stomach pains and passing blood. The rest of his family refused to drink from this device and none of them suffered the same symptoms; they stuck to Pure H2O.

If I may offer you my own account I think you’ll find it interesting:

I have personally drunk RODI water for 25 years in the UK as have my extended family and friends’ families. As a result we completely defy National Health Statistics; we have no illness whatsoever and never suffer from annual norivirus (I believe its transmitted in municipal water). We rarely get colds (I had the first one in 20years in Jan 2015 but it only lasted 2.5 days). My children have never consumed tap or bottled water containing minerals and they are the picture of health. One of my children (now 12) has an academic scholarship (he also takes pureh2o to school and refuses to touch tap water). He’s in every team sport that his school plays and top of almost every subject (yes, quite sickening) so his health is as good as it gets. I’ve always purchased organic food wherever possible and I ensure (sometimes bribe) my children to eat vegetables every day. They also get plenty of cake and treats (ideally organic but not always).

So, what I’m saying is that I am living proof that drinking Pure H2O is perfectly normal, safe and by far the healthiest type of water we can consume. That means no minerals, no disease causing microbes, no toxins, no slug poison, no drug residues (such as oestrogen), no heavy metals, no chemical compounds (such as 2D4 from flame retardant industry), just good clean Pure H2O – that’s the only type of water I drink and I’m fit and healthy; no illness, no deficiencies and it’s therefore what I recommend to my clients. I have nothing to gain financially from telling people to add minerals to their water but I could very easily jump on the band waggon and say yes, we’ll sell you a mineral filter (£39) but I honestly cannot recommend it because I know your health will be better without it.

I trust that this will answer your questions about minerals in water.

Regards,
Roger Wiltshire
Founder – The Pure H2O Company Ltd.